The US and Poland are close to signing a deal that would see the establishment of a permanent American military base in Poland.

US President Donald J. Trump and his Polish counterpart, Andrzej Duda, are due to meet on 12 June where they may announce that the future base, which is unofficially known as “Fort Trump”, will be built and become the first military facility of its kind in Eastern Europe since the end of the Cold War.

The base would see the number of US troops based in Poland reach a total of 4,500, including a special forces unit, that would also building and maintain a joint training facility. Poland has apparently pledged $2 billion to the funding the project, which is part of a wider campaign to bolster the European Union’s eastern flank as Russia continues to carry out provocative military actions along Moscow’s long borders with Eastern Europe and Scandinavia following the Kremlin’s 2014 invasion of Ukraine.

Poland, one of the US’ staunchest allies in Europe, is one of just six countries that meets the 2% defence spending benchmark set by NATO. Deeper bilateral ties have also been noted by Poland’s interest in acquiring the F-35A instead of untested European-designed fourth generation jet fighters.

Warsaw is also a champion of the strategic use of Liquified Natural Gas imports from the US as a way to ween the EU off of Russian energy supplies.