In February 2015, the UK’s former spy chief, Sir John Sawers, suggested that the UK may need to consider military intervention in North Africa to stem the growing chaos there, including a new wave of violent extremism claiming ties with Islamic State. It is this chaos that prevents governments of Europe from having reliable partner governments in countries like Libya in managing the escalating crisis of boat people in the Mediterranean, abetted by people smugglers.
The last week has seen renewe...

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