Romania takes steps to combat human trafficking. The Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) published its first evaluation report on Thursday and welcomes the steps taken by Romania.
These include the adoption of anti-trafficking legislation, the setting up of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons, and the introduction of a national identification and referral mechanism for victims of trafficking.
The situation in Romania is serious. Nearly all the victims of trafficking identified to date have been Romanian nationals, the majority of them are victims of transnational trafficking. More than thousand people were transported in 2010. Most of them were in transnational trafficking and the main destinations were Spain, Italy. the Czech Republic, Cyprus and France. Most of the victims were victims of labour or sexual exploitation and most of them were women. There were also 307 children identified in 2010, mostly female.Another issue is national trafficking, over 300 victims were identified within Romania.
GRETA says, that Romanian authorities should improve co-operation between all anti-trafficking actors. There is a big need of prevention, especially access to education and jobs for vulnerable groups. The group urges Romanian authorities train all professionals, including border police staff to improve the identification of victims of trafficking, both Romanian and foreign nationals.It's also important to make sure law is practiced and to concentrate on reintegration of trafficking victims into society.
The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (“the Convention”) were established in 2005 and their monitoring mechanism is relatively new. Their main goal is focusing on victim protection. GRETA is a group of fifteen independent experts in the field of human rights. On the basis of the report, the Committee of the Parties to the Convention will consider adopting recommendations addressed to the Government of Romania.