Hundreds of thousands of Myanmar’s ethnic Rohingyas are facing a greater threat of genocide than ever, amid government attempts to “erase their identity and remove them from the country”, the UN-appointed Independent International Fact-Finding Mission said on 16 September.

Following the killings, rapes, torture, and forced displacement by Myanmar’s military, which prompted 700,000 of the Muslim Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh in 2017, the mission highlights that many of the conditions that led to the grave rights violations are still present.

According to the report, this ill-treatment has strengthened, and that there is a serious risk that genocidal actions may recur. Among the threats that the Rohingya face is a continuation of hate speech and discrimination that obstructs them to take part in society, the report notes, and calls on the Myanmar government to “to investigate genocide and to enact effective legislation criminalizing and punishing genocide”.

In response to the allegations, the delegation for Myanmar maintained that the 2017 tragedy had been exploited by the press for political purposes.