French President Emmanuel Macron visits the ‘Ring of Memory’ international World War I memorial, at the Notre Dame de Lorette French war cemetery in Ablain-Saint-Nazaire, France, November 8, 2018. Macron spent most of the week on a six-day tour to visit the most iconic landmarks of the First World War ahead of the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the November 11, 1918 armistice that ended the war. In echoes of the classic France’s souverainist Gaullist past, Macron used the occasion of the 100th anniversary to call for the creation of “a true, European army” to protect itself from military threats from Russia following its invasion of Ukraine and the unreliability of the US’ commitment to Europe’s security after President Donald J. Trump opted to pull out of a Cold War-era 1987 nuclear treaty with Moscow.