According to the 2018 Global Peace Index approximately 1% of the world’s population – or 65,6 million people – were refugees at the end of 2016.
The number of refugees is comparable to the population of France or the UK.
More than half of the world’s refugees (55%) are from Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan. The flow of refugees is not likely to subside as conflict remains at its highest level in a decade.
The surge in refugee flows has also become a major political theme with anti-migrant parties gaining ground across Europe.
In 2017 the global economic cost of war and violence was estimated to be $14.8 trillion, or 12.4% of global output, and amounts to $2,000 per person.
The Global Peace Index is published annually by the Institute of Economics and Peace; this is the fourth edition of the index.