Protests were held on 1 December in several locations across Poland, including outside the Justice Ministry in the capital, Warsaw.

Lawyers and judges gathered to demand the reinstatement of judge Paweł Juszczyszyn, who was suspended after questioning the appointment of another judge by the country’s president.

The protesters held signs that read “Solidarity with Judges”, and “Independent courts are every citizen’s right”. They also carried EU flags.

The European Union has criticised the changes, that the government insists were needed to fight corruption and repair the judicial system haunted by the communist era. The Union warned the government of threatening to undermine the rule of law and judicial independence.

“I call on my fellow judges: don’t let yourselves be intimidated, do be independent and brave”, Juszczyszyn said.