On 8 November, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev inaugurated the 1,224-kilometre Nord Stream pipeline that will supply the European Union with Russian gas bypassing existing transit countries.

The pipeline took 19 months to build under the Baltic Sea at a cost of €7.4 billion. It is designed to operate for 50 years. The ceremony to open the symbolic white tap of the gas pipeline in the town of Lubmin in northern Germany, where the pipe comes ashore, was als...

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