Finland, Greece and Poland have not conformed to the EU regulations for renewable energy. Member states were required to pass the European Commission's Renewable Energy Directive, which requires member states to set goals to increase their renewable energy share by 2020, by December 2010.

The Directive is a part of the EU's 20/20/20 plan, which has set a target for a 20% increase in renewable energy use by 2020 throughout the EU.

On 22 March, the Commission sent Reasoned Opinions to Finland, Poland and Greece regarding their noncompliance with the directive. A Reasoned Opinion is a letter of formal notice that represents the first step in the pre-litigation procedure.

If the three member states do not comply with the EU regulations within two months, the Commission may refer them to the European Court of Justice.