Eurostat has issued the 2012 edition of the pocketbook on agriculture, fishery and forestry statistics providing an overview of the agricultural sector in the European Union based on the most recent available statistical data.
One chapter in the pocketbook is dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Common Agricultural Policy, which occurred in 2012. Another chapter presents the results of the last agricultural census, while others explore the economy of the agricultural industry, agricultural production, agriculture and the environment, rural development, forestry and fishery statistics.
The findings show that during the latest agricultural census, carried out in 2010, almost 23 million people were occupied on nearly 12 million farms in the EU27. These figures include farmers, members of farmers' families and the non-family labour force, who do not all work on a full-time basis. Therefore, the number of persons is usually converted into Annual Work Units( AWU), which are equivalent to full-time employment.
Accounting for nearly 70% of the total farm labour force in AWU in the EU27, Poland (1.9 million AWU) had the largest total farm labour force, followed by Romania (1.6 million), Italy (1.0 million), Spain (0.9 million), France (0.8 million) and Germany (0.5 million). The largest proportions of family farm labour force were observed in Poland (95% of the total), Ireland (92%) and Malta (90%), the highest shares of regular non-family labour force in the Czech Republic (75%), Slovakia (69%), France and Estonia (both 45%), and of non-regular non-family labour force in Spain (19%), the Netherlands (13%) and Italy (12%).
In 2010, there were around 156 000 organic farms in the EU27, corresponding to 1.3% of the total number of farms. Among the Member States, the largest share of organic farms among was observed in Austria (13%), the Czech Republic (7%), Sweden (6%), Estonia, Finland, Germany and Denmark (all 5%).
Moreover, a decrease in fishery was observed, with 4.9 million tonnes of fish caught by EU27 in 2010. Most fish were caught by Denmark (828 000 tonnes or 17% of total catches), Spain (739 000 tonnes or 15%), the United Kingdom (608 000 tonnes or 12%) and France (443 000 tonnes or 9%). Together these four Member States accounted for more than half of the total catch by the EU27.