An EU-wide regulation will set a limit of 2 grams of processed trans fats per 100 grams of fat in food, according to the European Commission.
The establishment of the new law aims to protect the health of consumers through healthier dietary choices.
According to the Commission, some scientific studies, including one from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), underlined the danger of the dietary intake of so-called trans fats.
“Data from controlled intervention studies show that consumption of diets containing trans fatty acids (TFA) has adverse effects on blood lipids that predict an increase in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk compared with the consumption of diets containing cis-monounsaturated fatty acids or cis-polyunsaturated fatty acids and that the effect is dose-dependent. Prospective cohort studies showed a consistent association between higher intakes of TFA and increased risk of CHD,” added Europe’s food safety regulator.
The TFA intake has a dose-dependent linear effect that increases the risk of CHD as compared to the intake of other fatty acids in the diet”.
The currently set ceiling corresponds to 2 grams of processed trans fats per 100 grams of fat in food intended for the final consumer and retail. Businesses will be provided to inform other caters on food products that exceed the 2-gram limit. The Regulation will be active and shall apply to all of the bloc’s member states from 2 April 2021.