The European Union’s Commissioner for Trade for Trade Cecilia Malmstrom recently announced that Brussels has filed a case against China at the WTO over alleged intellectual property rights infringements, saying the action showed that the EU was being evenhanded in its policies.

“We are determined to protect the multi-lateral system,” she said to journalists. “We are expecting everybody to play by the rules.”

The case against China was initiated on June 1 as the EU aims to target specific provisions under existing Chinese regulation on import and export of technologies (TIER) and the regulation on Chinese-foreign equity joint ventures that discriminate against non-Chinese companies and treat them worse than domestic ones are violating WTO obligations.

If the two sides fail to reach a satisfactory solution within 60 days, the EU will be able to request that WTO sets up a panel to act as the arbiter on the matter.