The European Commission will provide €7 billion to its member states for the period of 2014-2020 in the field of migration and security.There are 31 national programmes under the Internal Security Fund (ISF) and 27 national programmes under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), which makes 58 in total.
The Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) supports national efforts to improve reception capacities, ensure that asylum procedures are in line with Union standards, integrate migrants at local and regional levels and increase the effectiveness of return programmes.
For example, Greece is slated to receive a total of €259.4 million in AMIF funding to help to deal with the influx of migrants arriving at its shores. By the end of 2015, Greece is supposed to increase its reception capacity to 2500 places and improve the quality and speed of the asylum decision-process.
The Internal Security Funds (ISF), on the other hand, are going only to Schengen members, including the Schengen associated states. With the help of the ISF, the states are able to control the external borders more effectively, which also supports a common visa policy. The ISF also supports states to combat cross border organised crime and terrorism, reinforce law enforcement cooperation across borders and provide better security.
ISF funding in an amount of €61.5 million, for example, has been allotted to Hungary in order to help the country to increase the capacity of consulates dealing with constantly growing number of asylum seekers and enhanced border control.
Further allocations of funding are €315,4 million in AMIF for Italy, €286.6 million for France, and€134 million for Germany through the ISF.
How it works?
Firstly, a member state needs to propose its national programme and estimate how much each action would cost. The programme must identify concrete areas where EU funds will complement national funds. Before the Commission approves the national programme, the member state and the European Commission discuss and agree on the programme, which may mean certain alterations are made.
The member state also has to designate a responsible authority for the management of the fund, and one for to carry out the auditing. After providing the Commission with a summary of the management and control system, the responsible authorities are acknowledged by the Commission. Then it is up to the national central authority to distribute the funding.