The Netherlands’ state-owned railway firm NS will pay compensation to survivors and family members of people it transported to death camps during World War II after the company made the equivalent of estimated €2.5 million profit by transporting Jews to Westerbork, a filtration camp used to move prisoners Auschwitz and Sobibor.
More than a 107,000 Jews were sent to the camp following the occupation of the Netherlands in May 1940, including Anne Frank.
The company accepted its role in the Holocaust and formally apologised in 2005. Since 2006, NS has invested in monuments and educational programmes about the Holocaust. Only 40,000 of an estimated population of 140,000 Jews survived the Holocaust in the Netherlands, including Salo Muller, 82, who has been campaigning for compensation from NS.
The former physical therapist of the Ajax soccer club lost both his parents during the Holocaust when he was just five years old.
Muller has campaigned for individual compensation, saying he wanted to make clear that NS’ decision was about the company accepting that Holocaust victims were still suffering.