The European Commission’s efforts to nearly triple the amount of funding for migration and border management to €39 billion of the EU’s long-term budget for 2021 to 2027 was recently presented by Migration, Home Affairs, and Citizenship Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos while in Strasbourg.
According to the EU executive, the proposal comes as “a response to increased migratory, mobility, and security challenges and provides more flexible funding instruments to address unforeseen migratory events and border protection as part of the core of the new budget.”
The new initiative would see funding for migratory issues skyrocket from €13 billion during the last Multiannual Financial Framework to €39 billion for the next EU budget.
Avramopoulos also presented the EU executive’s plans for a new separate fund for integrated border management, which is part of an effort to strengthening the European Border and Coast Guard Agency. According to the Commission’s plans, a new border patrol force of 10,000 personnel is needed to secure the bloc’s undermanned frontiers with Turkey and in the southern Mediterranean.
The new fund will also help the EU Member States carry out customs control duties by financing up to €1.3 billion-worth of new equipment used for monitoring.
The new fund will devote €4.8 billion in long-term funding to support the Member States’ border management measures and visa policy, which will be subjected to a mid-term review. According to the proposal, each Member State will receive a fixed sum of €5 million with the remainder distributed based on the workload and threat level at the external land and sea borders, which would receive 30% and 35% of the funding, respectively, as well as at airports and consular offices, both of which would see 20% and 15% of the funding allocated to their needs.
Up to €3.2 billion has been earmarked for emergency first responders and more than €12 billion will be dedicated to further strengthening the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and EU-LISA.
Migration management funding
The Commission’s proposal sets a 51% increase for migration funding under the renewed Asylum and Migration Fund, which has now reached €10.4 billion. The fund will devote €6.3 billion in long-term funding under mid-term review, while each Member State will receive a fixed sum of €5 million, with the remainder distributed based on the number of asylum seekers, as well as the level of legal migration, integration and returns.
A reserve of €4.2 billion will be set aside for emergency needs and setting up better coordination aimed at enhancing EU-wide cooperation in dealing with legal migration and the repatriation of returnees and illegal migrants.