In 1962, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment for his part in attempting to overthrow the apartheid regime in South Africa. Mandela, who has moved through a succession of left-wing groups aimed at disrupting the regime, which was based on an extreme position of racial segregation, was convicted of sedition, sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government. He would eventually serve 20 years in prison, most famously at Robben Island, eventually being granted release in 1990.

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