Catalonia’s regional parliament declared independence from Spain on Friday in a disputed vote that is now likely to be declared illegal by Spain’s constitutional court. The independence motion was passed in the 135-strong assembly with 70 votes in favor, 10 against and 2 blank ballots, the assembly’s speaker said.
Lawmakers from the Socialist Party, the People’s Party (PP) and Ciudadanos had left the chamber before the vote in protest.
But how direct rule from Madrid would work on the ground – including the reaction of civil servants and the police – is uncertain.
Some independence supporters have promised to mount a campaign of civil disobedience, which could lead to direct confrontation with security forces.
What could happen in the regional parliament of Catalonia was also unclear.